Something Strange Is Happening To What You Watch

Christopher Fowler
imgres In the century since the major film studios first settled in Hollywood, audiences have never demanded more video than they do today. In 2014, we
watched an average of 163 hours of video content per month (17 hours more than in 2007). But despite the proliferation of content, consumption and access, the value of the home entertainment industry is plunging
so fast that is has wiped out decades of growth. The drop is so great that the average home spends less today than they did twenty years ago. In the early 1990s, only 4 in 5 homes had the equipment necessary to watch home video. Today, the average household has nearly a dozen such pieces of equipment, as well as immediate access to tens of thousands of hours of content, and no collection is required. So if we're watching more, why is the industry in such deep trouble? First, the era of the DVD is at an end, replaced by streaming, and of course there's a huge amount of piracy, but these facts don't explain what's going on. What we're getting is a new phenomenon that has the studios unnerved. Hollywood is no longer appealing to story-lovers, but why? Everyone loves a story, don't they? Well, this is where it gets interesting. Home entertainment has always had a problem; whereas movies are uncoupled from their brand, TV isn't - you don't say, 'That was a terrible Fox film', but you do remember that the BBC showed something you liked. (In test audiences, people who remember something good on Channel 4 usually name it as a BBC2 show, but that's the exception). Channels, therefore,
lived and died by their content quality. Cable channels subsist on their purchased libraries, usually a handful of quality films bolstered with a roster of duds. On Sky, the best films are hived off to a separate pay-by-movie section, leaving the main subscription channel full of rubbish. But now companies like Netflix have succeeded in removing the stigma of poor content by 'designing out' the perceived value of specific titles to the consumer. too-many-channels-too-much-news   What they's done is very clever, and is becoming a much remarked-upon industry phenomenon; they and services like them are removing the idea that films and TV shows have different levels of quality, so that they appear all the same, grouped differently. When you look up shows on Netflix you find vaguely themed offerings like 'Adventure' and 'Romance', and it's hard to find individual items. They sell the idea of 'entertainment' in general, an all-you-can-eat buffet, and they've discovered something remarkable. Consumers no longer care. So long as it's 'entertainment' they'll watch anything they're in the mood for, so 'Action' or 'Romance' is enough of a choice to have to make. This is because the proliferation of formats and content is so vast now that no-one keeps track of what's good or bad anymore, and it's led to so-called 'snack viewing' - and it's hugely on the rise. In a world where generic food chains like Giraffe and Iguana offer meals that are neither entirely horrible nor remotely memorable, where clothes for men are faint variations on a suit or jeans, 'entertainment' can become something you buy in a set portion regardless of what the portion actually contains. There will always be anomalies, like 'Breaking Bad', which feels like a well-constructed novel, or 'Game Of Thrones', which originally came from a respected writer even though it's just a soap opera with extra sex and dragons, but the system Netflix consciously set in motion is really working. You will not spend time sourcing a Danish thriller made from a book you heard about because you won't find it easily.
There will still be collectors, purists, completists - writers like me and Kim Newman and Barry Forshaw and Paul McAuley who track down rarities (right now I'm trying to find a copy of 'The Suicide Shop' in English and having no luck) but we'll be the geek outsiders. And in a way, perhaps this has put entertainment in its place. It's not so terribly important after all, entertainment, it's just a way to relax, isn't it?


Ade (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 08:06

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

Sort of reminds me of the Arthur Dent search for actual cup of tea. All je could find was something that wasn't completely unlike tea. 😞

Colin Shelbourn (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 08:13

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

Up to a point, Lord Copper. Netflix does have a star rating system attached to individual shows and films. And a search facility.

Rather than snacking, the ability to follow a entire, well-crafted series over successive evenings (e.g. Justified) feels more like reading a novel.

Mary (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 09:36

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

You're so right, it is intended to relax but sometimes it neither relaxes or entertains. I suppose the same goes for books. Do some of the mindless movies make money? I suppose they must somehow.
Thank goodness for 'Bryant and May' who are featured in the Radio Times.

Helen Martin (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 17:13

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

Ummm, Netflix? I hear people talking about it but it doesn't cross my receptors. If DVDs are dead why can I still get them? If there is nothing of interest (to me) on tv there are always books and conversation. I wouldn't know what category to choose on that kind of menu and I'd really like more info about the programme/series because I think I miss some things I would really enjoy just as I missed the whole Sandman phenomenon and am now experiencing it in collected stories.

Vivienne (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 21:17

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

It sounds bad. I still miss the card index at the library, as you could just flick through and find things. On the computer system you have to know what you are searching for, so how does one expand one's horizons?

snowy (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 22:39

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

DVDs have been declared dead more often than "Russia's greatest love-machine", ["It was a shame how he carried on!".]

The data only covers the US market, which has the infrastructure to support streaming. In the global market where this is not true I suspect it is business as usua, at least for the momentl. The real figure of merit is the profit from physical media sales vs. the revenue from selling rights. At the moment profits far outstrip revenue. When that changes it then the DVD's goose may well be cooked.

Streaming services will love to kill the format, but since they don't create content themselves, [it is from established partners like Sony who will make a considerable return on physical sales], they are just another outlet in a very crowded market.

[I'm not alone there is a link to a 2013 Forbes article that argues the same point.]

snowy (not verified) Tue, 31/03/2015 - 23:45

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

Note to himself:

I've just had a thought, [had to happen one day!], is the idea that a Canadian disc will be Region 1 and/or NTSC coded holding you back?

[They are both completely trivial things to overcome on most non 'fruit-based' hardware.]

Christopher Fowler Wed, 01/04/2015 - 05:55

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

My discs come from all over the world in every possible format. For years when I was still in the film industry we wrestled with there content problem and I assure you this idea of content-levelling has already happened across Europe.

John Griffin (not verified) Wed, 01/04/2015 - 17:31

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

So that's why the Mrs and me often say 'Sod this' ahving tried to search for something interesting, and failed. In the end we chopped off our Virgin TV to the minimum (and could lose that as it is rubbish - they deliberately make things work badly like recording shows), avoided Netflix and the rest, and got into more books, cooking, walking, home crafts, writing, music.....

Fiona (not verified) Wed, 01/04/2015 - 23:16

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

I've just got Netflix and find myself addicted to certain things. I quite like Hemlock Grove - apparently critics hated it when it first came out. I watched Orange is the New Black and quite liked that too. What I have noticed is that the sex scenes are a lot more graphic and violent than I'm used to. I'm no prude but I just find it all a bit unnecessary. Ah for the days when it ended on a kiss and a door closing!

Helen Martin (not verified) Wed, 01/04/2015 - 23:55

In reply to by anonymous_stub (not verified)

Followed the discrete cough above and among other things found a request for a disc. If you have not acquired it yet, Chris, give me the details and I'll see if I can find it for you.