The Art Of Suspense
What’s the art of suspense?
I’ll tell you later.
In the 1950s, suspense novels and suspense cinema, largely driven by Hitchcock, became very fashionable. Nowadays we rarely find it in films because it requires an unusually slow trajectory, with a long build-up before the slingshot of a defining event which must perforce break the spell of suspense. Suspense relies on uncertainty, and once you know for certain suspense dies.
This is the theory I used for ‘Nyctophobia’, in which the first third of the book is trajectory (the most eventful moment involves a cotton reel). Hitchcock nurtured some superb American suspense writers.
Celia Fremlin’sÂ â€˜The Hours Before Dawnâ€™ won an Edgar Allan Poe Award for best new novel, about a stressed-out young housewife with three small children heading for a breakdown, whose sinister new lodger is seemingly hatching a plot against her. It has a wonderfully suspenseful build.
Naomi Hintze wrote â€˜Youâ€™ll Like My Motherâ€™, in which the pregnant heroine realises she’s become a prisoner and is subjected to mental torture by her religious fanatic mother-in-law. Ursula Curtiss wrote 1962â€™s â€˜The Forbidden Gardenâ€™, in which a destitute widow finds a way of supplementing her dwindling income by murdering housekeepers and burying them beneath trees in her garden, until one candidate grows suspicious and begins fighting back. It was filmed, rather well, as â€˜Whatever Happened To Aunt Alice?â€™ and starred Ruth Gordon and Geraldine Page.Â Robert Bloch, Thomas Tryon, Constance Strong, Elisabeth Sanxay Holding, Margaret Millar, Hilda Lawrence and Shirley Jackson all produced superb suspense.
Brian De Palma often aped Hitchcock’s suspense set-ups. At the start of ‘Obsession’ we see a posh party in progress, and catch a glimpse of something we shouldn’t see – one of the waiters has a gun under his jacket. Some of the finest suspense films are ‘Penumbra’, ‘La Comunidad’ and ‘The Hidden Face’, all reviewed on this site. Here’s another – ‘Darkness In Tallin’ has a hero who’s an electrician. He reluctantly agrees to become involved in a robbery that will black out the entire city, not realising that across town his child is being kept alive in a hospital incubator.
I’ve just delivered a suspense thriller to my agent that I’ve been quietly working on for four years. One of the peculiar tricks involving suspense is that it doesn’t always correspond to the traditional shape of a story, where the defining event is meant to occur at the exact centre of the plot. The suspense often breaks into action at the two-thirds point.
One of the best examples of suspense that I can think of (and have written about a couple of times here before) is Christian Marclay’s astonishing video installation ‘The Clock’, the twenty four hour long film divided into minutes, so that each minute has clips from films that only show that sequential minute. There are scenes from the entire history of world cinema that show clock towers, wrist watches, mantelpiece clocks, alarm clocks, and all of the various situations around them, with the sound rebuilt and bleeding across so that you feel as if youâ€™re actually watching a single long film.Â The times in the film correspond to the time that youâ€™re watching it, so the whole stitched-together movie becomes a timepiece in itself.
Good examples of unusual or lesser known suspense films or novels will be very much welcomed!